Hacker Practice

To practice, we are going to be using a hacking practice site called a Wargame site. These sites are similar to a CTF in that they offer challenging puzzles that require technical knowledge. They are different in the fact that they have no time limit to the competition. People from across the world can use the challenges on the site at any time.

The site we are using is called Over The Wire.

The wargame Over The Wire has a lot of different modules that you can practice on, but for the sake of speed in getting up to hacking whitebelt in a reasonable time, we will only be doing the bandit challenges. Before you start, let's talk about how you will play them. If you already know how to use SSH, skip to the practice.

SSH

SSH stands for Secure Shell. It's a protocol (messaging language) used to get a remote shell on another machine. A remote shell is what it sounds like: an interactive shell you can use on a machine you don't have physical access too. After using it a few times it becomes clearer what this means.

Recall the Ubuntu container we used in the containers section. We ran our docker command and it gave us a shell into a different Ubuntu version.

docker run -it ubuntu:16.04

It resulted in a shell. And to get out of the shell, and subsequently the container, we used:

exit

In the shell we had, which returned us to our machine. SSHing is very similar. Let's SSH into the first level of bandit, which is here.

ssh [email protected] -p 2220

Input the password, bandit0, and now we are in a shell:

[email protected]:~$

As you guessed it, this is likely a different version of Ubuntu then what you are running. Use our earlier command from the containers section to check what that is. To confirm that this is
a machine we don't own, let's check what the ip address is. An ip address is an address that is associated with a device on the internet. Ideally, this is a unique address that no other device should share, but nowadays this is not always true. For now, assume it is unique.

Run:

curl https://ipinfo.io/ip

Take a note of the address, then exit the machine just like before:

exit

Now we are back on our host machine. Run the same curl command again to get the ip address of your machine:

curl https://ipinfo.io/ip

Notice the numbers are fairly different? This confirms that the machine is at least not local (on our current network). If you want to take it further, you can even look up the location associated with the ip address of Over The Wire.

SSH Semantics

Lastly, let's talk about the semantics of the actual SSH command we ran:

ssh [email protected] -p 2220

Like logging into any machine, it requires a username. The first part of the ssh command is the username, which is bandit in this case. Next is the @ symbol to signify where the end of the username is and where the remote address begins. The address here is bandit.labs.overthewire.org. You may be confused here because it does not look like a normal ip address, which is just numbers. This is due to DNS. DNS is outside the scope of this section, but just know it allows you to have fancy names point to normal looking ip addresses.

So far we have learned SSH looks like:

ssh <username>@<ip_address>

The last thing we have to talk about is the -p 2220 in the command. This is an option that specifies a port to connect over. You can learn more about all the options of ssh by running:

man ssh

Practice

Now that you have this last tool, SSH, in your arsenel, you are ready to start some hacking practice. To show you are truely ready to progress to the next section, you must prove you are competent with the shell.

On OverTheWire: Bandit do levels 0 through 15. These levels should take you a day or two to complete depending on how fast you get the later levels done. Good luck, and when you complete this head over to the next section!